Vaccination Schedule for Dogs

Age: 6th Week

Vaccination Againist

Canine Parvo Virus, Canine Distemper Virus,
Canine Adenovirus I, Canine Adenovirus 2,
Canine Para influenza Virus Corona Virus,
L conico/O, L ictuohoemorrhogioe, L Grippotyphoso, L Pomona
Age: 9th Week

Vaccination Against

Canine Parvo Virus, Canine Distemper Virus,
Canine Adenovirus I, Canine Adenovirus 2,
Canine Para influenza Virus Corona Virus,
L conicolo, L ictHohaemorrhogioe, L Grippotyphoso, L Pomona

Age: 12th Week

Vaccination Against

Canine Parvo VIruS, Canine Distemper Virus,
Canine Adenovirus I, Canine Adenovirus 2,
Canine Para influenza Virus Corona Virus,
L conic%, L icterohoemorrilogioe, L Grippotyphoso, L Pomona
Age: 12th Week

Vaccination Against

Annual Revaccination:

1. Canine Parvo Virus, Canine Distemper Virus, Canine Adenovirus I,

Canine Adenovirus 2, Canine Para influenza Virus,

Canine Corona Virus, L canicola, L. icteromorrhagiae

L. Grippotyphosa, L. Pomona

2. Rabies


Vaccination Schedule for Cats

Age: 6 • 8 Weeks
Vaccination Against

Feline distemper, Feline Rhinotrachitis,
Feline Calci (Core Vaccines), Chlamydia

Age: 10. 11 Weeks
Vaccination Against

Feline distemper, Feline Rhinotrachitis,

.Feline Calci (Core Vacci~), Feline Leukemia

Age: 12. 16 Weeki .
Vaccination Against•

Age: 14• \6 Weeks
Vaccination Against

Feline distemper, Feline Rhinotrachitis,
Feline Calci (Core VaCcines), Rabies

Annual Revaccination:

Feline distemper, Feline Rhinotrachitis, Feiine Calci (Core Vaccines). Rabies

Important Tips

Why is vaccination Important?
All dogs are at risk of exposure to various infectious diseases, some of which are life-threatening. Others such as rabies also pose a public health risk.

Vaccination to prevent common infectious diseases supports the first goal of medicine: disease prevention. Prevention of infectious disease is more beneficial to your pet than treating disease once it occurs. In general, viral infections cannot be treated, but symptoms may be managed by medication. Preventive vaccination is one of the most reliable and cost effective methods of health care available to a pet owner.

How does vaccination work?
Vaccines contain killed or modified live (weakened) forms of viruses or bacteria. They stimulate production of protective antibodies in healthy animals that neutralize the virus or bacteria if the animal is later exposed. Some vaccines contain combinations of several viruses or bacteria that immunize against several diseases, minimizing inconvenience to the owner and discomfort for the pet.

Why do puppies require more frequent vaccinations than older dogs?
Nursing puppies ingest antibodies from their mothers. These maternal antibodies provide early protection against infectious disease. However, they also neutralize the immunizing agents in vaccines. Maternal antibodies naturally decline during the first three to four months of life and eventually disappear. For this reason. puppies should receive a series of vaccinations beginning about six weeks of age. This increases the likelihood of long-term protection from vaccination as soon as maternal antibody levels have declined below protective levels.

How often should my dog be vaccinated?
Immunity to most infectious diseases gradually declines over time, so periodic re-vaccination is generally necessary. Frequency of  vaccination is dependent on your dog's lifestyle, age and risk of c;ljs~ase exposure. Your veterinarian can determine the appropriate vaccination interval based on your pet's history and individual circumstances.

What about the potential risks of vaccination?
The benefits of vaccination are usually considered to far outweigh the relatively small risk of vaccine-related adverse effects. Allergic reactions to vaccination and local, injection-site irritation are uncommon, but they do occur. Your veterinarian can advise you of the possible risks associated with vaccination and the steps to take if vaccine-related reactions occur.

Common Infectious Diseases of Dogs

The following infectious diseases of dogs can be prevented or lessened by vaccination :

Rabies is a viral disease that can affect all warm-blooded mammals, including dogs, cats, wildlife and humans. The virus infects cells of the nervous system, producing in-coordination and behavioral abnormalities such as unusual aggression or withdrawal. Once the signs of rabies appear, the disease is always fatal. Rabies is usually transmitted by bite wounds, often from infected wildlife, which represent the largest reservoir of the disease. Vaccines are very effective in preventing rabies.

Canine Distemper
Canine distemper is a widespread virus that causes high mortality in dogs. Exposure is considered inevitable during a dog's lifetime, so canine distemper vaccination is almost always recommended. Puppies and young dogs without immunity are at greatest risk.
Canine distemper virus infects various tissues in the dog's bOdy. producing diarrhea, fever. nasal and ocular discharge, respiratory disease, appetite loss and neurologic signs such as muscular spasms and paralysis. The disease is easily transmitted and often fatal.

Infectious Canine Hepatitis:
Infectious canine hepatitis (ICH), caused by canine adenovirus type I (CAV-n, is a worldwide disease of dogs. CAV-I infects a wide range of tissues, including the liver (hence the name hepatitis), kidneys, spleen and lungs. Infected dogs typically develop a fever and abnormal bleeding, and experience loss of white blood cells, which are a key component of the immune system. Opacity of the eye ("blue eye") occurs in some cases. Death, chronic hepatitis or severe illness may occur, and recovery may be gradual in nonfatal cases. CAV-I is shed in urine and can survive outside the host for weeks or

Enteritis (Diarrhea, Vomiting)
Dogs are at risk of enteritis (intestinal disease) caused by two common viruses, canine parvo virus and canine coronavirus. Canine parvovirus enteritis is generally considered to be more severe than coronavirus enteritis. However, parvovirus enteritis may be
more serious if corona virus is also present. Diarrhea and vomiting caused by these viruses can range from mild to severe and are accompanied by depression and loss of appetite. Un-vaccinated puppies and young dogs are most commonly affected because
they usually have not been previously exposed or vaccinated and are susceptible to infection. Viral' enteritis is easily spread because of the large volume of virus in feces, which contaminates the environment and is readily spread from one animal to another. Severe cases of viral enteritis can be fatal due to. dehydration and loss of appetite.
Puppies are at greatest risk of death because of their limited body reserves.

Canine Respiratory Disease
Infectious respiratory disease is a troublesome problem in dogs' because it is easily transmitted through the air or by direct contact, especially in kennels or among dogs living together. Upper respiratory disease can limit the dog's activity and progress to
pneumonia, which can be life-threatening. The most common causes of respiratory infections in dogs include canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2), canine parainfluenza virus infectious canine hepatitis (ICH). For this reason, •CAV-2. vaccines provide dual protection against both ICH and respiratory disease caused by CAV-2.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection resulting from the contact with the urine of infected wildlife, or contaminated water or food. Leptospira bacteria infect the kidneys and liver, causing fever, anorexia, depression and generalized pain. Several types of Leptospira bacteria can infect dogs. Your veterinarian can advise you on which types to vaccinate against. Leptospirosis can be transmitted to humans by contact through breaks in the skin or mucous membranes.

Common Infectious Diseases of Cats

Feline Leukaemia
Kittens younger than 16 weeks are the most susceptible to infection. Symptoms include lack of appetite. weight loss, anaemia, vomiting, diarrhoea, reproductive problems and pale or yellow mucus membranes.

Feline Respiratory  Disease! Feline Rhino Trachitis
The infection affects cats and kittens of all and the disease is very easily spread by a cat kitten through coughing or sneezing. Symptoms include sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge, limping, lack of appetite and tongue and eye ulcers. In young kittens more
susceptible to infection, serve respiratory disease associated with pneumonia may develop and be fatal

Feline Panleucopenia! Feline distemper-Viral Disease
It is highly infectious and the disease is very severe in kittens and young cats less than 12 months of age. The surrounding the cats or kittens need to be disinfected as the disease can spread very quickly.

Symptons include depression, uncontrollable vomiting, diarrhoea (sometimes with blood), marked dehydration, severe abdominal pain, Self biting tail and anaemia. It causes decrease in Hematocrit and Platelet Counts on a Complete Blood Count. This is Key in
Diagnosing Panleucopenia. If pregnant queens contract the disease, kittens can be born with c<>-ordination problems or other abnormalities.

Feline Calci Viral Disease
Feline Calci Viras is corM>On respiratory disease of cats. This is RNA Viral infection attacks Lungs. NasaJ Passanges, Mouth, with Ulceration of Tongue, Intestine and Muskuloskeletol System. It is highly communicable in unvacianated cats. Further  Symptoms include EyelNasaI discharge, Ulcers on Tongue, Hard Palate, Nose, Lips, CLwas and Pneumonia and arthritis.

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